The following description of the 4 types of non-virtuous speech are from “The Way To Freedom” by the Dalai Lama:
“ The next four negative actions are deeds of speech.
The firs is telling lies. This includes speaking contrary to what one has seen, heard, or knows to be fact. Lying can be motivated [...]
The following are some teachings from other Lineages:
Terton Sogyal Rinpoche: On Ignorance
Surely one of the most heart-breaking aspects of our lives is that we cannot recognize the fundamental cause of our suffering. Isn’t it curious how we can not detect ignorance at work? But, you see, this lack of awareness [...]
This is from Kyabje HH DalaiLama.
The Buddha’s activities- from the beginning of his cultivating the wish to help others to the accumulating of merit and his eventual achievement of enlightenment- were ALL done for the sake of other sentient beings.
The welfare of other sentient beings is classified into two types: Temporary welfare, [...]
“We should always be aware of the relative gravity of karmic actions. When the deed is motivated by very strong delusion, the deed is said to be very grave. The way in which the deed is actually performed also determines the karmic weight.
A single moment of anger directed toward a Boddhisattva would destroy [...]
by His Holiness the Dalai Lama
There are no physical markers by which to measure progress between positive and negative forces in consciousness. Changes begin when you first identify & recognize your delusions, such as anger and jealousy. One then needs to know the antidote to delusion, and that knowledge is gained by listening [...]